Gender Equality and Economic Growth: A Case of Lusaka District, Zambia

Loveness Ngulube *

School of Postgraduate Studies, Chreso University, Zambia.

Chanda Chansa Thelma

Department of Humanities, Education, and Social Sciences, Chreso University, Zambia.

Mwila Mwenda Gilbert

Department of ECE and Primary Education, Rockview University, Lusaka, Zambia.

Chisebe Sylvester

School of Education, Humanities and Social Sciences, Eden University, Lusaka, Zambia.

Daniel L. Mpolomoka

School of Education, Humanities and Social Sciences, Unicaf University, Lusaka, Zambia.

Daniel Monta Mulenga

School of Health Sciences, Rockview University, Lusaka, Zambia.

*Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.


Abstract

Overview: Gender equality and economic growth in Zambia are deeply interconnected, with advancements in one area positively influencing the other. In recent years, Zambia has made strides toward gender equality by implementing policies aimed at increasing women's participation in the workforce and ensuring equal access to education. These measures have not only empowered women but have also contributed to the country's economic growth. The study was conducted in Lusaka district, the capital city of Zambia from which the participants were selected for the study.

Body of Knowledge: Gender equality and economic growth are closely intertwined in Zambia, where strides toward reducing gender disparities have shown positive impacts on the nation's economic development. Enhanced access to education for girls, improved maternal health services, and increased participation of women in the workforce contribute significantly to economic productivity. When women are empowered and given equal opportunities, they are more likely to engage in entrepreneurial activities and secure better-paying jobs, thereby boosting household incomes and reducing poverty.

Methods: The total target population was 1200. The sample size involved a total of 120 respondents; both men and women, which was 10% of the target population. A mixed method approach was used in this study in combination with the descriptive survey design. Interviews and surveys were used to collect data. Graphs and pie-charts were used to analyze the quantitative and qualitative data obtained. Data was analyzed using statistical methods and manually in some cases with a combination of software MS Access, MS Excel, and SPSS.

Results: The study findings indicated that while Zambia has made strides in improving gender equality, significant disparities remain, particularly in areas such as education, employment, and political participation. Women in Zambia continue to face barriers to accessing quality education and formal employment, which in turn hampers their economic empowerment and contribution to economic growth. Additionally, cultural norms and legal constraints often limit women's opportunities and reinforce gender inequities.

Recommendation: Policy interventions aimed at closing the gender gap, such as promoting female education, improving access to financial services for women, and enforcing laws against gender-based discrimination, are critical for harnessing the potential of women to drive sustainable economic growth in Zambia.

Keywords: Economic growth, education, gender equality, policy implementation, poverty reduction


How to Cite

Ngulube, Loveness, Chanda Chansa Thelma, Mwila Mwenda Gilbert, Chisebe Sylvester, Daniel L. Mpolomoka, and Daniel Monta Mulenga. 2024. “Gender Equality and Economic Growth: A Case of Lusaka District, Zambia”. Asian Journal of Education and Social Studies 50 (7):181-96. https://doi.org/10.9734/ajess/2024/v50i71455.

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