Civic Education and National Development: A Comprehensive Analysis of Zambia

Chanda Chansa Thelma *

Department of Humanities and Social Sciences, Chreso University, Lusaka, Zambia.

*Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.


Abstract

Overview: Civic education plays a crucial role in the development of nations by fostering informed and responsible citizenship, promoting democratic values, and strengthening social cohesion. Hence, this study presented a thorough examination of the relationship between civic education and national development. The study was conducted in Lusaka district, the capital city of Zambia from which the participants were selected for the study from 5 different organizations.

Body of Knowledge: The study comprehended various aspects, including the definition and objectives of civic education, its importance in fostering democratic values, and its impact on social cohesion and economic growth. It dwelt into the crucial role civic education plays in shaping informed and responsible citizens who actively contribute to the progress of their nations. This study was guided by the social learning theory. The social learning theory has been widely applied in the study of human behavior, including in the context of civic education and national development.

Methods: The total target population was 1000. The sample size involved a total of 100 respondents, which was 10% of the target population. A mixed method approach was used in this study in combination with the descriptive survey design. Interviews and questionnaires were used to collect data. Tables, graphs and pie-charts were used to analyze the quantitative and qualitative data obtained. Data was then analyzed manually in some cases and also, a combination of software MS Access, MS Excel, and SPSS.

Results: The following key findings were established on the effect of civic education on national development; increased awareness, enhanced civic engagement, strengthened community bonds, improved governance understanding, empowered citizenry while regarding the factors that hinder citizen participation in national development, the study found; lack of awareness, limited access to information, distrust in institutions, socioeconomic challenges and ineffective communication channels.

Recommendation: The Ministry of Education need to integrating civic education into educational curricula and policymaking initiatives to facilitate sustainable development and democratic governance.

Keywords: Citizens, civic education, community engagement, democracy, national development


How to Cite

Thelma, C. C. (2024). Civic Education and National Development: A Comprehensive Analysis of Zambia. Asian Journal of Education and Social Studies, 50(6), 170–190. https://doi.org/10.9734/ajess/2024/v50i61404

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