Interrelationships of Quality of Parental Relationship, Self-esteem, and Relational Skills among 4Ps Teenage Beneficiaries in Iligan City, Philippines

Rogel Equirne D. Sudaria *

Lourdes College, Cagayan de Oro City, Philippines.

Miguela B. Napiere

Lourdes College, Cagayan de Oro City, Philippines.

*Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.


Understanding how family dynamics and self-esteem impact the social development of teenagers from low-income backgrounds is crucial for designing effective youth development programs. This study investigates the relationship between parental relationships, self-esteem, and relational skills among senior high school students who are beneficiaries of the Pantawid Pamilyang Pilipino Program (4Ps) in Mindanao, Philippines. Utilizing a descriptive-correlational design and simple random sampling, the study surveyed 171 students using standardized questionnaires. Data analysis included mean, standard deviation, Pearson correlation, and linear regression. Participants reported high parental relationship quality, self-esteem, and relational skills components such as bi-directional communication, disclosure and interpersonal closeness, and emotional experience and expression. However, assertion and conflict resolution skills were rated moderately.  Parental relationships significantly correlated with self-esteem, particularly with mothers (p<0.05). Both factors significantly influenced relational skills (p<0.05). These findings suggest that while the 4Ps program may positively impact family relationships and self-esteem, additional support might be beneficial for developing stronger assertion and conflict resolution skills among beneficiaries, potentially leading to improved overall social development.

Keywords: Parental relationships, relational skills, self-esteem, Iligan city, Philippines

How to Cite

Sudaria, R. E. D., & Napiere, M. B. (2024). Interrelationships of Quality of Parental Relationship, Self-esteem, and Relational Skills among 4Ps Teenage Beneficiaries in Iligan City, Philippines. Asian Journal of Education and Social Studies, 50(6), 142–151.


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