Developing the Youth through Technical Vocational Education and Training for Sustainable Development in Nigeria

Main Article Content

Deebom, MtormaBari TamBari


Nigeria is a country characterized with natural resources in its abundance which can cater for the well-being of the citizens, yet the citizens especially the youths are living below poverty level as many are victims of unemployment and cannot offer meaningful and positive contribution to the development of the nation. The unemployment rate is as a result of the abandonment of Technical Vocational Education and Training (TVET) that can offer skills to the youths for self-reliance and employment. In this vein, this paper seeks to address how a developed TVET programme can develop the youths in order to build the nation for sustainable national development in Nigeria. The following outlines provide a guide to the content of this paper; the concept of sustainable development, the meaning of TVET and its role in sustainable development, how to develop TVET for sustainable development in Nigeria. Others were the definition of youth and the concept of TVET for youth development. The researcher suggests that TVET can be developed for sustainable development in Nigeria through making a flexible TVET policies, establishment of TVET special training centres on local basis, improvement of the linkages between training institutions and the industries, provision of adequate training facilities, giving of grants to individual who successfully complete TVET training, granting of soft loans to established business, establishment and effective management of financial institutions such as Micro-Finance Banks, Bank of Industries (BOI), employment in both public. The implementation of these strategies will enhance the development and sustainability of TVET programmes in Nigeria. Based on the discussion made in this paper, the study recommends that the period of National Youth Service Corps (NYSC) should be converted to be a compulsory training period for all graduates on different types and kinds of TVET skills, For non-graduates youths, there should be a skill training organized and supervised through government agencies such as Niger Delta Development Commission (NDDC), National Directorate of Employment (NDE) and other commissions, Government should grant soft loan to those venturing into TVET as this will enable the establishment of the acquire skills. Also, loan should be given to graduates who have completed a training programme for easy establishment.

Skill acquisition, sustainable development, TVET, unemployment, youth

Article Details

How to Cite
TamBari, D. (2019). Developing the Youth through Technical Vocational Education and Training for Sustainable Development in Nigeria. Asian Journal of Education and Social Studies, 5(1), 1-9.
Opinion Article


Nigerian Population Commission (NPC). Population Commission Press, Abuja, Nigeria; 2006.

National Policy on Youths Development (NPYD) Federal Government Press, Lagos, Nigeria; 2001.

Federal Republic of Nigeria. National Youths Policy Development; 2001.

National Youth Council of Nigeria (NYCN). Population of youths in Nigeria between the age of 18-35 Years; 2011.

UNESCO. Revised Recommendation Concerning Technical and Vocational Education. Paris: UNESCO Press. 2012;1-17.

Mclean R, David NW. International handbook of education for the changing world of work: Bridging academic and vocational learning; 2009.

[Retrieved on December, 17, 2018]
Available: pdf

Deebom MT, Zite BN. Technical Education and skill development among Ogoni youth in Rivers State. Journal of Education, University of Uyo. 2016;9(1):220 –230.

Okwelle PC, Ayomike CS. Towards value re-orientation of youths on the role of Technical Vocational Education and Training (TVET) for sustainable development in Nigeria. Journal of Education and Practice. 2014;15(8):186-191.

Deebom MT, Okwelle PC. Empowering Rural Ogoni Youths for Maximum Societal Impact through Skill Acquisition Programmes in Ogoni Area of Rivers State. African Journal of Historical Sciences in Education. 2016;12(1):232-250.

Ahiakwo MJ. Educational and sustainable development in the Niger Delta region of Nigeria. Keynote Address Presented in Honour of Professor John Cecil Buseri, FNAE, The Pioneer Vice Chancellor of Niger Delta University, Wilberforce Island, Bayelsa State From; 2015.
Available: lessons from the_past.pdf

The Guardian Newspaper. Bringing Post-2015 development agenda to the fore. 2015;31.

UNESCO Learning for work, citizenship and sustainability: Final report. UNESCOUNEVOC. Bonn: International Centre; 2005.

Redclift M. Sustainable development (1987 - 2005): An oxymoron comes of age. Journal of Sustainable Development. 2005; 1(3):212-227.

Kurya UL, Hassan B. Technical and Vocational Education for productivity and sustainable development in Nigeria. In Yalams SM, Bukar B, Adebayo SA, Puyate ST, Onwuchekwa AK. (Eds.). Technical and Vocational Education. A challenge to the Nigerian Education Reform Agenda. Proceedings of the Annual Conference of the Nigerian Association of Teachers of Technology (NATT). Kaduna, Nigeria. 2007;294- 300.

Arokoyu SB. Sustainability and sustainable development. In Arokoyu SB, Nwosu OS, Dienye VU, Ifeanacho M. (Eds.) Perspectives on World Issues and Problems. Port Harcourt: Amethyst & Colleagues Publishers. 2004;17-26.

Butterfield S. Technical and Vocational Education through open Learning trends, developments and issues from a local perspective. A Publication of Open Polytechnic, New Zealand Press. 2000;1-6.

Adenle SO, Shobowale 1O. The global economic crisis: A challenge to curriculum implementation in Technical Vocational Education and Training. 22nd Annual National Conference of Nigerian Association of Teachers of Technology (NATT); 2009.

UNESCO & ILO. Technical and Vocational Education and Training for 21st century. France UNESCO; 2002.

Wapmuk LS. Technical and Vocational Education and Training for sustainable development of Nigeria. A Keynote address presented at the 24th Annual National Conference of Nigerian Association of Teachers of Technology (NATT) at Federal College of Education (Technical), Umunze; 2011.

Okwelle PC. Employers’ perceptions of the role of Technical and Vocational Education (TVE) in sustainable development in Nigeria. UNISWA Research Journal. 2008; 2(3):57-66.

Chepkemei A, Watindi R, Cherono KL, Ngisira RJ, Rono A. Towards Achievement of Sustainable Development Through Technical and Vocational Education and Training (TVET): A Case of Middle Level Colleges- Kenya. Journal of Emerging Trends in Educational Research and Policy Studies. 2012;3(5): 686-690.

Ogbuanya TC, Obiajulu LO. Functional Technical Vocational Education and Training (TVET): A catalyst for youth empowerment and national security in Nigeria. Journal for Studies in Management and Planning. 2015;1(11): 309-318.

Afeiti G. Technical and Vocational Education and Training for industrialization; 2008.
Available:http ://www .areforun .org/publications!occasional-papers/40/95 technical-and-vocational-educationtraining-for-industrialization .html. (Accessed: December, 26, 2019)

African Union (AU). Strategy to revitalize Technical and Vocational Education and Training (TVET) in Africa: Final draft; 2007.
Available:; (Accessed January 10, 2018]

Okoye KRE, Okwelle PC. Technical and Vocational Education and Training (TVET) in Nigeria and energy development, marketing and national transformation. Journal of Education and Practice. 2013;4(14):143-138.

Okoye KRE, Okwelle PC. Technical Vocational Education and Training (TVET) as intervention mechanism for global competitiveness: Perspectives from Nigeria. Developing Country Studies.2014; 4(4):85 - 91.

National Bureau of Statistics (NBS). National Baseline Youth Survey Report; 2012.

The Tide Newspaper. Nigeria’s Public Policy and the Youth. 2013;18.

Walter OE, Anikeze NH. Youths as agents of national development in the South East Nigeria. NG-Journal of Social Development, 2017;6(1):113-122.

Yakubu EJ. Re-engineering Vocational and Technical Education for Youths’ Empower-ment and Sustainable Development. Knowledge Review: A Multidisciplinary Journal. 2012;26(3):45- 48.

Akpan EO, Udoh OA. Wealth creation in Nigeria: The need for science, vocational technical and technology education. International Journal of Vocational and Technical Education. 2014;3(3): 9-15.

Dawodu RA. Relevance of Technical Education as an agent in achieving national development. A Paper Presented at the 6th National Annual Conference of National Association of Curriculum Theories, Ondo State University, Ado-Ekiti. Nigeria; 2006.

Alhasan NS, Abdullahi T. Revitalizing Technical and Vocational Education (TVET) for youth empowerment and sustainable development. Journal of Educational and Social Research. 2013;3 (4):149-154.

Chinwe MO. Nigeria imperative for youth-led entrepreneurial development: Centre for International Private Enterprise. U.S.A: U.S.A Chamber of Commerce; 2008.

Audu R, Kamin YB, Balash F. Technical Vocational Education: As a veritable tool for eradicating youth unemployment. Journal of Humanities and Social Sciences. 2013;8(2):10-17.